Genesis 2:5-6

Verse

[These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,]

Genesis 2:5 – And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.

Genesis 2:6 – But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.

Commentary

This verse conveys a profound and important piece of information. It may appear that God had already created the plants, animals, and man upon the earth during the prior creative days. However, that is not correct. It must be noted that the creative actions are happening in the spiritual realm. In Gen 1:26-27 he created Man, male and female. Where did this happen? Not upon this earth. This is the creation of the spirit of man, before his body was ever formed on earth which will occur in the next chapter of Genesis.  This is the generation (or history) of the heavens and the earth when they were created in the day that the Lord God made the heavens and the earth. And every plant of the field before it was in the earth and every herb of the field before it grew and the Lord God had not (yet) caused it to rain upon the earth and there was no man to till the ground. Therefore we must note Genesis Chapter 1 has been explaining to us God’s thoughts and plans which were being spoken in the heavenly realm as God counseled with himself. (Eph 1:11) No new life was actually placed on earth until the seventh day had ended.

We see in these verses that the conditions on the earth never lead to rain, but rather God caused the surface to be water by a dew-like mist. There would be no rain upon the earth until the flood of Noah’s time.

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Cross Reference

  • Genesis 1:26-27
  • Ephesians 1:11

 

Genesis 2:4

Verse

Genesis 2:4 – These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,

Commentary

It may appear that God has spent just seven days of twenty-four hours in the preceding verses creating the heavens and the earth, but in this verse we begin to get a wider sense of the great length of time which this process entailed. The length of time is explained as “generations“. We also find in 2 Peter 3:8 that “one day is as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day” to God. Psalms 90:4 likewise states that to God a thousands years is only a day. This allows us to understand that these days of creation covered a span of many thousands of years.

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • 2 Peter 3:8
  • Psalms 90:4

 

Genesis 2:1-3

Verse

Genesis 2:1– Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

Genesis 2:2 – And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Genesis 2:3 – And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

Commentary

On the seventh day, God having completed his work, rests. This sets the type for the Sabbath of rest, and millennium of rest. God also sets here the pattern of working in sets of seven.

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • 2 Peter 3:8

 

Genesis 1:29-31

Verse

Genesis 1:29 – And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat

Genesis 1:30 – And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

Genesis 1:31 – And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Commentary

God continues giving his commands to man from the preceding verse. It is important to note that God tells man he is permitted to every tree upon the face of all the earth.

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • 2 Peter 3:8

 

Genesis 1:26-28

Verse

Genesis 1:26 – And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Genesis 1:27 – So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Genesis 1:28 – And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

Commentary

God says “let us”. He is speaking with others. This is none other than the heavenly host of angels which God had created before man (Job 38:4-7).  God continues speaking to the angels and now issues to them a command: “and let them [man] have dominion…”. God instructs the angels to give what had been their dominion to man. Then to man God commands them to “subdue” (conquer; take by force) the earth, indicating his foreknowledge that some angels will not give up their dominion as commanded.  In verse 28, God commands man to “replenish” (refill) the earth, further indicating there was a creation on earth prior to mankind.

God and the angels are spirits, and they have no bodies. We see that man was created in the image (or like unto) both God and the angels, meaning that God created man as a spirit. Man is created as the same type of a being as God himself. He does not yet have a body in this verse, but it will be created later. He also has created both the spirit of man and of woman

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • Job 38:4-7
  • 2 Peter 3:8
  • Genesis 2:7

 

Genesis 1:24-25

Verse

Genesis 1:24 – And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

Genesis 1:25 – And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

Commentary

During the sixth creative day, God now begins to cause the animals of the land to be brought forth. Notice again he tells the earth to bring them forth. These creatures are being raised up out of the earth where they were laying from a previous creation, and God resurrects and carries on the creatures he desires to have in his new creation.

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • Genesis 2:19

 

Genesis 1:14-19

Verse

Genesis 1:14 – And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

Genesis 1:15 – And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

Genesis 1:16 – And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

Genesis 1:17 – And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

Genesis 1:18 – And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

Genesis 1:19 – And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

Commentary

For his fourth day’s work God begins to bring in seasons, time, days years etc. For the new environment of earth he says let there be lights within the expanse of the sky to furnish light upon the earth. Therefore on the fourth creative day he made the two lights, the greater light he made to rule the day he called the sun and the lesser light to rule the night he called the moon. On this creative day was also made the stars and verse 17 says, and God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth, this finished the fourth day. This marks the point in time in which the sky becomes clear so that these long hidden objects in the heaven become visible from the surface.

Sermons

Contenders

Cross Reference

  • Genesis 2:19
  • 2 Peter 3:8

Strong’s Concordance

And God
אֱלֹהִ֗ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 430: gods — the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

said,
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 559: To utter, say

Let there be
יְהִ֤י (yə·hî)
Verb – Qal – Imperfect Jussive – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

lights
מְאֹרֹת֙ (mə·’ō·rōṯ)
Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 3974: A luminous body, luminary, light, brightness, cheerfulness, a chandelier

in the expanse
בִּרְקִ֣יעַ (bir·qî·a‘)
Preposition-b | Noun – masculine singular construct
Strong’s Hebrew 7549: An expanse, the firmament, visible arch of the sky

of the sky
הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

to distinguish
לְהַבְדִּ֕יל (lə·haḇ·dîl)
Preposition-l | Verb – Hifil – Infinitive construct
Strong’s Hebrew 914: To be divided, separate

between
בֵּ֥ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong’s Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

day
הַיּ֖וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3117: A day

and
וּבֵ֣ין (ū·ḇên)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong’s Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

night
הַלָּ֑יְלָה (hal·lā·yə·lāh)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

and to mark
וְהָי֤וּ (wə·hā·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Conjunctive perfect – third person common plural
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

seasons
וּלְמ֣וֹעֲדִ֔ים (ū·lə·mō·w·‘ă·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 4150: Appointed time, place, or meeting

and days
וּלְיָמִ֖ים (ū·lə·yā·mîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 3117: A day

and years,
וְשָׁנִֽים׃ (wə·šā·nîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun – feminine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 8141: A year

and let them serve as
וְהָי֤וּ (wə·hā·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Conjunctive perfect – third person common plural
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

lights
לִמְאוֹרֹת֙ (lim·’ō·w·rōṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 3974: A luminous body, luminary, light, brightness, cheerfulness, a chandelier

in the expanse
בִּרְקִ֣יעַ (bir·qî·a‘)
Preposition-b | Noun – masculine singular construct
Strong’s Hebrew 7549: An expanse, the firmament, visible arch of the sky

of the sky
הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

to shine
לְהָאִ֖יר (lə·hā·’îr)
Preposition-l | Verb – Hifil – Infinitive construct
Strong’s Hebrew 215: To be or become light

upon
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong’s Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the earth.
הָאָ֑רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

And it was
וַֽיְהִי־ (way·hî-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

so.
כֵֽן׃ (ḵên)
Adverb
Strong’s Hebrew 3651: So — thusGod
אֱלֹהִ֔ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 430: gods — the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

made
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 6213: To do, make

two
שְׁנֵ֥י (šə·nê)
Number – mdc
Strong’s Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

great
הַגְּדֹלִ֑ים (hag·gə·ḏō·lîm)
Article | Adjective – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

lights:
הַמְּאֹרֹ֖ת (ham·mə·’ō·rōṯ)
Article | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 3974: A luminous body, luminary, light, brightness, cheerfulness, a chandelier

the greater
הַגָּדֹל֙ (hag·gā·ḏōl)
Article | Adjective – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

light
הַמָּא֤וֹר (ham·mā·’ō·wr)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3974: A luminous body, luminary, light, brightness, cheerfulness, a chandelier

to rule
לְמֶמְשֶׁ֣לֶת (lə·mem·še·leṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun – feminine singular construct
Strong’s Hebrew 4475: Rule, a realm, a ruler

the day
הַיּ֔וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3117: A day

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong’s Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the lesser
הַקָּטֹן֙ (haq·qā·ṭōn)
Article | Adjective – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 6996: Small, young, unimportant

light
הַמָּא֤וֹר (ham·mā·’ō·wr)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3974: A luminous body, luminary, light, brightness, cheerfulness, a chandelier

to rule
לְמֶמְשֶׁ֣לֶת (lə·mem·še·leṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun – feminine singular construct
Strong’s Hebrew 4475: Rule, a realm, a ruler

the night.
הַלַּ֔יְלָה (hal·lay·lāh)
Article | Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

And 
וְאֵ֖ת (wə·’êṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong’s Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the stars.
הַכּוֹכָבִֽים׃ (hak·kō·w·ḵā·ḇîm)
Article | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 3556: A star, a prince

God
אֱלֹהִ֖ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 430: gods — the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

set
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

these lights
אֹתָ֛ם (’ō·ṯām)
Direct object marker | third person masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

in the expanse
בִּרְקִ֣יעַ (bir·qî·a‘)
Preposition-b | Noun – masculine singular construct
Strong’s Hebrew 7549: An expanse, the firmament, visible arch of the sky

of the sky
הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם (haš·šā·mā·yim)
Article | Noun – masculine plural
Strong’s Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

to shine
לְהָאִ֖יר (lə·hā·’îr)
Preposition-l | Verb – Hifil – Infinitive construct
Strong’s Hebrew 215: To be or become light

upon
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong’s Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the earth,
הָאָֽרֶץ׃ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

And there was
וַֽיְהִי־ (way·hî-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

evening,
עֶ֥רֶב (‘e·reḇ)
Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 6153: Evening

and there was
וַֽיְהִי־ (way·hî-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

morning
בֹ֖קֶר (ḇō·qer)
Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 1242: Dawn, morning

the fourth
רְבִיעִֽי׃ (rə·ḇî·‘î)
Number – ordinal masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 7243: Fourth, a fourth

day.
י֥וֹם (yō·wm)
Noun – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3117: A day